Tuesday, June 19, 2007

Lake effect rains hit Winnipeg

Interesting band of rain last night off Lake Manitoba brought a narrow but fairly intense band of lake effect rainfall along the Hwy 6 corridor into Winnipeg overnight. The image attached is from Woodlands radar about 1130 pm last night showing the band coming off the east shore of Lake Manitoba right into Winnipeg. About 10 mm of rain was recorded here in Winnipeg from the band while most areas outside this band saw little or no rain.

Lake effect preciptation occurs when you have cool air sweeping over warmer lake waters creating narrow bands of convective cloud that can give you very localized but intense precipitation. The greater the contrast between the cool air and the warm lake waters, the greater the instability, and the more significant precipitation you can get. Normally, this occurs in the fall when you have cold fall airmasses moving over the still warm lake waters giving you areas of lake effect rain or snow if it's cold enough. It's unusual to get lake effect this time of year as the air aloft is usually too warm. However last night we had a fairly intense storm system drag some very cool air aloft over southern MB, with temperatures down to 3-4C at 850 mb. This air was taken over 18C lake waters to give enough instability to trigger lake effect precipitation. (You need at least 13C difference between 850 mb and lake water temperatures to initiate lake effect. You also need little directional wind shear in the low levels to focus the instability in narrower but more intense bands) The winds in the low levels were aligned from the northwest at about 300-310 degrees which brought the band off Lake Manitoba right into Winnipeg. If the winds had a more northerly component (like 330 degrees) the band would have oriented further west (see lake effect event of Oct 11 2006 for an example of this)


So if you thought last night had a fall-like feel to it.. you were right.. complete with lake effect! Let's hope we don't see another one of these events until the fall .. it's time for some warm dry weather!

4 comments:

  1. About 12:15 I walked to the Parking lot of the Victoria hospital after waiting in emergency for eight hours (without being treated), in fine driving rain, wearing a short-sleeved shirt. I've never experienced anything like it. It was about 11 C and very windy. I don't know which was worse, the weather or our health system. I'd say the health system... at least the walk was much shorter.

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  2. Rob - is this the first significant lake-effect precipitation event in Winnipeg in June? Just curious, as I don't recall having seen significant lake effect generated showers in Southern Manitoba in June before!
    Kuhny

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  3. I don't recall a lake effect event in southern MB this late in the year (or is it early??) I imagine they've occurred before since we have occasional cold outbreaks in June, but like I said I don't recall any in the 9 years I've been here.

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  4. Chris in Westwood4:54 PM, June 22, 2007

    Great explanation of the event Rob. You're a Wx Wiz! And I love looking in on your site. Chris

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